VocabularyCommonly Confused Words and Phrases in the IELTS Exam (Part 2)

Commonly Confused Words and Phrases in the IELTS Exam (Part 2)

Continuing our exploration of commonly confused words and phrases in the IELTS exam, this article will provide you with other commonly confused phrases and expressions. Prepare to master these linguistic challenges and elevate your performance in the IELTS exam.

1. Between/ Among:

“Between” is used to indicate a relationship or position involving two separate entities or individuals.
For example:
The book is between the two bookshelves.
He stood between his parents.

“Among” is used to indicate a relationship or position involving three or more entities or individuals.
For example:
The toys were distributed among the children.
The secret was known among the group of friends.

2. Efficient/ Effective:

“Efficient” refers to doing something in a way that maximizes productivity or minimizes wasted time, effort, or resources. It focuses on achieving a task or goal with the least amount of input.
For example:
The new manufacturing process is more efficient and reduces production time.
She is an efficient manager who can handle multiple tasks simultaneously.

“Effective” refers to achieving the desired or intended outcome or result. It focuses on the quality or impact of the outcome rather than the process itself.
For example:
The marketing campaign was effective in increasing sales.
The medication is effective in treating the symptoms of the disease.

3. Content/ Contents:

“Content” is a noun that refers to the substance, material, or information contained within something. It is used to describe the subject matter or the specific elements that make up a piece of work or a container.
For example:

The content of the book was educational and informative.

She enjoys creating content for her blog.

“Contents” is also a noun, but it specifically refers to the items or things that are contained within a container, such as a box, bag, or document. It is used to describe what is inside something.
For example:

The contents of the box included various tools and supplies.

The contents of the email were confidential.

4. Historic/ Historical:

“Historic” is an adjective that refers to events, moments, or objects that are significant, momentous, or have great importance in history. It emphasizes the impact or significance of something in shaping or influencing the course of history.
For example:
The signing of the Declaration of Independence was a historic event.
The historic building has been standing for over 200 years.

“Historical” is also an adjective, but it refers to anything related to or concerning history in a general sense. It can describe things that are related to the past, regardless of their significance or impact.
For example:
The museum has a collection of historical artifacts.
She enjoys reading historical novels.

5. Hear/ Listen:

“Hear” is a verb that refers to perceiving sound through the ears. It is a passive action that occurs naturally without much effort or intention. When you hear something, you receive sound waves and are aware of the sounds around you.
For example:
I can hear the birds singing outside my window.
She heard her name being called from across the room.

“Listen” is also a verb, but it refers to actively paying attention to and making an effort to understand or comprehend what is being said or heard. It involves focusing on the sounds or words and processing them in a meaningful way.
For example:
Please listen carefully to the instructions before starting the test.
He listened attentively to the speaker during the lecture.

This article has provided explanations and examples to help distinguish between commonly confused words and phrases. By understanding the differences between these words, you can enhance your language skills and improve your performance in the IELTS exam.


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